Although Dick Ruffin was born in Virginia, USA, it was while studying at Oxford University, on a Rhodes Scholarship, that he first encountered the ideas and people of Initiatives of Change (IofC). Following Oxford, Dick served in the U.S. Navy during the Vietnam War, first as Communications Officer on a destroyer and then in Washington on the staff of the Secretary of Defense. In 1971 he turned down positions in the Pentagon in order to learn more about IofC and to explore its relevance to America and its world role. This exploration grew into a life commitment. He has worked with several IofC initiatives and was primarily responsible for IofC's legal and administrative affairs in the United States between 1980 and 2003. He recently served as the Executive Vice President of Initiatives of Change - International. Dick has lived in Washington, DC, for the last twenty-two years with his wife Randy who also shares his commitment to IofC and they have two grown children.